Circumcision is the surgical removal of a child’s or teenagers’ foreskin, a flap of skin that covers the tip of the penis, for religious or cultural reasons. It’s a relatively common treatment that involves removing your baby’s foreskin, which is the hood of skin covering the head of their penis. If a baby needs surgery, it is usually done two or three days after birth.
Circumcision: What Does Science Say?
Arik Marcell, M.D., M.P.H., a Johns Hopkins Adolescent Medicine Specialist, highlights the medical benefits of circumcision. It is advised that circumcision in infancy should be performed by “trained and competent physicians, employing sterile techniques.” Studies have shown that sexually transmitted diseases are likely to prevail if males are not circumcised.
Another issue to be addressed is foreskin hygiene, high chances of contracting urinary tract infections has become quiet a concern. There is significant science to prove why circumcision according to individual is of primary importance. Circumcision is beneficial not only in childhood but also later in life when the individual becomes sexually active.
It lowers risk of acquiring HIV, syphilis, human papillomavirus, and genital herpes, and chances of getting cervical cancer sexual partners is much reduced and a lower risk of penile cancer over a lifetime.
- Benefits of circumcision outweigh the risks. The procedure of male circumcision has proven to reduce the risk of HIV infection among individuals who are heterosexual. HIV is a virus that causes AIDS. Hence, the chances of acquiring AIDS are much less likely.
- Medically, circumcision is good for treating problematic diseases like phimosis and balanoposthitis which is inflammation of the glans penis and the foreskin.
- Circumcision also has benefits in treating chronic urinary tract infections.
- Circumcision has no possible negative impact on sexual function of a healthy male adult.
- If too much or less than the required foreskin is removed it may cause some possible complications in case of circumcision.
- One of the most common long-term complications is Metal stenosis. It is a condition where the opening of at the tip of the penis becomes narrower.
- Inexperienced operator or unsterile conditions may worsen the procedure leading to more serious health defects.
- It is not advisable to carry out this procedure if there are genital abnormalities.
Anesthesia is either topically or locally injected in the area to be treated to avoid or reduce pain. It is an elective surgical procedure of the foreskin that is extended to forceps.
A circumcision device is placed, followed by excising the foreskin. The foreskin of the penis covers the glans, or head, of the penis. By cutting it off, the surgery exposes the end of the penis. Different clamps or plastic rings are used for the surgical procedure to carry out circumcision. They are of 3 kinds: the Gomco clamp, the Plastibell device, and the Mogen clamp. Procedure is similar for all.
The clamp or ring is connected to the penis, and the doctor trims away any extra foreskin. The ring remains attached and will fall off eventually. The doctor next applies an ointment or petroleum jelly on the penis and covers it with gauze.