Visiting the dentist has a reputation for being uncomfortable at times. Any dental procedure has the potential of causing anxiety, discomfort, and pain. Fortunately, anesthesia is available to help you ease the experience that you go through in the best way possible. But what many people are concerned with is whether or not anesthesia has side effects. In this article, we cover what anesthesia is, when it’s required, its types, and potential side effects.
What is Anesthesia?
This refers to a sedative medical treatment that helps to prevent patients from feeling pain while at the surgery table. Thanks to anesthesia, patients can undergo dental procedures which would otherwise be impossible without the numbing effects of this sedative. Anesthesia has been used for many years and its benefits are many and transcend several generations. Although it has been in use for many years, the benefits that anesthesia offers are worth smiling for today.
When is dental anesthesia required?
At times, normal routine trips to a dental care professional involve checking your teeth for normal dental issues and also ensuring that they are clean. In some instances, the dentist will need to use specialized tools to complete specialized maintenance procedures on your teeth. Some of the procedures that call for the use of anesthesia include the removal of wisdom teeth, tooth extractions, filling of cavities, and root canals.
Types of dental anesthesia
Dental anesthesia is available in three main types: general anesthesia, sedatives, and local anesthesia. Local anesthesia helps to offer a numbing effect on a specific area of your gums and works by blocking pain from being transmitted by the nerves that are available in your mouth. Sedatives are mostly used in scenarios that could make it very painful for the dental patient. This procedure may be minimal or may encompass deep sedation, which takes away the consciousness of the patient.
For general anesthesia, this is where the patient will need to be put into complete sleep before a surgery is performed. General anesthesia affects all the body and makes you relaxed, but you will not be conscious for the entire procedure. This type of anesthesia is mainly used when doing dental implants or when removing wisdom teeth, among other more invasive oral care procedures.
Dental anesthesia side effects
Like all pharmaceutical and medical products that are in use today, dental anesthesia has a few very rare side effects. However, the benefits that this sedative offers far outweigh the side effects that are linked to it. Some of the well-known side effects include:
- Increased heartbeat
- The appearance of blood outside the blood vessels
- Rare cases of nerve damage
- Drowsiness, nausea, and headache
- Difficulty passing out urine
- Headache that lasts for some days after the procedure
There are a few side effects that are linked to dental anesthesia, but these side effects don’t last long. Many dental procedures could never be possible without using a sedative, and the benefits that this numbing agent offer far outweighs the side effects, which are both rare and short-term.
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