Development is a natural occurrence that can be observed in the living organism. Numerous elements in our surroundings develop according to their requirement to sustain their life. For instance, the motive of plants, animals, and other organisms only remains to survive and keep the existence of their species on the earth. So, their development process naturally fulfils those motives.
When we talk about the human child, the complexities arise as they require the overall enhancement of abilities. It includes many aspects ranging from physical and mental to social and cognitive development. It primarily happens step by step, starting from the nine months of prenatal life to the first two decades of adulthood.
The development of social skills in a human child continues gradually throughout their lifespan. A proper growth helps them with the variety of challenges that humans face in their life and makes them able to sustain life conveniently.
However, the proper development of a child goes through many tedious phases. A child has to conquer numerous factors that may affect their growth to a certain extent. These factors include genes, hormones, nutrients, that impact the cognitive and physical performance of the child.
Some factors remain hereditary, while others originate from the environment in which a child grows. In recent times, the prioritization of the factors affecting child development has increased drastically. Numerous universities have added it to their curriculum to spread awareness about such crucial issues that may reduce the capability of our future generation.
According to the experts an online assignment help, many students approach them for help in child growth and development topics. It shows us how the significance of a child’s proper development has increased for us. So further in this blog, you will find the details about each factor that affect child development.
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Genetic factor- It is the most influential factor that determines the development of a child. Physical appearance like height, weight, and body colour and structure highly depends on it. Although, there are other factors as well, including diet, physical activities, and environmental forces that impact the physical appearance. But all these other factors do not affect as significant as the genes.
The control of body growth is a complex process that gets accomplished by the interaction of many genes. We can understand its complexities because the disturbance of even a gene may lead to severe consequences like the condition of achondroplasia. Along with physical growth, it also affects intelligence and aptitudes to a certain level.
Nutritional factor- Development is closely associated with the nutrition that a child intake in the form of food. The amount of it varies based on the developmental phase. The sufficiency of required nutrition from the initial stage, which is the beginning of the prenatal phase, helps a child grow normally.
As per the experts who provides assignment help UK Nine types of amino acids are believed to be vital for proper development, and the deficiency in any of them may lead to inappropriate or disordered growth in the child. For instance, an inadequate supply of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and manganese will not let the bone grow properly.
As a result, it can affect the physical performance of a child during adulthood. Malnutrition has been a serious barrier in the way of a child’s development for quite a long time. It can affect growth at any stage, whether prenatal, neonate, or adolescent. Therefore, an adequate amount of nutrients becomes essential for a child to achieve the full genetic potential of mental, physical, and cognitive growth.
Cultural factor- The physical and mental growth of a child gets influenced by the type of cultural environment to which he belongs. As we have a diverse society, there are various child-rearing practices that have their significance.
However, some customs may seem peculiar or unnatural to an outsider but are believed to be effective in raising the child healthy and competent among locals. Most people consider some child-rearing customs inappropriate because they do not remain well familiar with them. Every culture has its expectations regarding parenting at each stage of growth that help them understand the development of physical and cognitive skills in children accordingly.
Most children get raised by the parent only while others by the caretakers or relatives’ involvement. Such differences impact their standard of development. The one raised by parents may be a bit introverted than the one raised by the caretakers and relatives.
Socioeconomic factor- It has been observed that children’s body size and cognitive skills from various socioeconomic levels differ from one another at every age group. There are numerous causes that create such a differential in growth. One of the main reasons is all the healthy habits found in the upper-class community’s family. It includes regular intake of a balanced diet, proper sleep, exercise, and living conditions, which significantly boost the child’s overall development.
But if we talk about the home condition of lower-class families, many reasons restrict the development. The child does not get adequate food and care due to a large number of children in a family. Its result clearly reflects in children’s growth. Their intelligence and personality also get hampered as they do not remain surrounded by scholarly people and rarely get the opportunity to learn and upscale their intellectual abilities.
Environmental factor- The environment around the children plays an integral role in their development and demonstrates the physical and psychological inspiration that they receive. The influential factors of the environment in early childhood growth include the geographical condition of the place where they live, their relationship with family and friends, etc.
A good environment allows them to get well-nurtured and have better social and interpersonal skills. It enables them to do better in schooling activities, extracurricular activities, and all the other fields in which they participate.
On the other hand, a stressful environment makes the children deprived and does not let them achieve their full potential in overall development. In the modern era, the increased expectations and demands of various capabilities cause a sense of inferiority in those deprived children. As a result, it further restricts them from exploring the learning opportunities essential for intellectual development.
The Bottom Line
Many researchers are finding ways to reduce the factors that restrict the development of the child. It is necessary because development till the potential of the children will make the future generation more advanced and capable. It is well known that the genetic factor will remain as usual, but we can nullify the adverse effects of other factors by various initiatives. For instance, a responsive relationship of adults with children can protect them from having harsh experiences that may fill their minds with toxic stress. The other such initiative can be to strengthen the core skills of children by developing education and early learning policies. The best thing is that our society has recognized the value and challenges of child development, and it is soothing to see the awareness about the same.
Author Bio – Henry Clay, an education consultant, currently associated with many clients in the tutoring industry like TutorOpedia, My Assignment Services. He loves to play football and reading books in his free time.